Background High levels of stress have been attributed to the conditions of police work, but there is little empirical evidence for this. Aims To develop a new instrument to measure job stress in the police; to assess the most severe and frequent police stressors; to compare levels of stress according to the demographic and organizational factors; and to study stress in relation to personality traits, work locus of control and coping strategies. Methods A comprehensive nationwide questionnaire survey of 3272 Norwegian police at all hierarchical levels, including the Norwegian Police Stress Survey (NPSS), the Job Stress Survey, the Basic Character Inventory, the Work Locus of Control Scale, and the Coping Strategies Scale. Results Work injuries were appraised as the most stressful but least frequent stressor and job pressure was reported the least severe but most frequent stressor. Females experienced job stressors less frequently, but appraised them as more severe than men did. Older police officers reported more job pressure severity and fewer work injuries. The police in districts where peer support was planned but not implemented, and who worked in districts with more than 50 000 inhabitants, perceived the lack of support more severely than others. The correlations between stress...

Berg, Anne Marie Lie; Hem, Erlend; Lau, Bjørn; Håseth, Kjell; Ekeberg, Øivind
Occupational Medicine 55(2): 113–120
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