The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified one type of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as possibly carcinogenic to humans. However, the underlying mechanisms of MWCNT- induced carcinogenicity are not known. In this study, the genotoxic, mutagenic, inflammatory, and fibrotic potential of MWCNTs were investigated. Muta™Mouse adult females were exposed to 36 ± 6 or 109 ± 18 μg/mouse of Mitsui-7, or 26 ± 2 or 78 ± 5 μg/mouse of NM-401, once a week for four consecutive weeks via intratracheal instillations, alongside vehicle-treated controls. Samples were collected 90 days following the first exposure for measurement of DNA strand breaks, lacZ mutant frequency, p53 expression, cell proliferation, lung inflammation, histopathology, and changes in global gene expression. Both MWCNT types persisted in lung tissues 90 days post-exposure, and induced lung inflammation and fibrosis to similar extents. However, there was no evidence of DNA damage as measured by the comet assay following Mitsui-7 exposure, or increases in lacZ mutant frequency, for either MWCNTs. Increased p53 expression was observed in the fibrotic foci induced by both MWCNTs. Gene expression analysis revealed perturbations of a number of biological processes associated with cancer including cell death, cell proliferation, free radical scavenging, and others in...

Rahman, Luna; Jacobsen, Nicklas Raun; Aziz, Syed Abdul; Wu, Dongmei; Williams, Andrew; Yauk, Carole L.; White, Paul; Wallin, Håkan; Vogel, Ulla; Halappanavar, Sabina
Mutation Research. Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 823: 28–44
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