Purpose: There is increasing evidence that altered microRNA expression is associated with tumor progression and survival in cancer patients. We tested if the expression of specific microRNAs was associated with prognosis and disease progression in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Experimental Design: The expression of miR-21, miR-17, and miR-155 was measured by quantitative RT-PCR in tissues from 317 non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients that originated from Maryland, Norway, and Japan. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis evaluated associations of microRNA expression with cancer-specific mortality and disease-free survival. Results: Elevated miR-21 (HR 2.06, 1.13–3.75), miR-17 (HR 2.00, 1.10–3.61), and miR-155 (HR 2.37, 1.27–4.42) was associated with worse cancer-specific mortality in the Maryland cohort. These were evaluated in two additional cohorts and only miR-21 was associated with worse cancer-specific mortality in the Norwegian cohort (HR 2.78, 1.22–6.31) and worse relapse-free survival in the Japanese cohort (HR 2.82, 1.57–5.07). More advanced stage tumors expressed significantly higher levels of miR-21 compared with TNM stage I tumors. TNM stage I patients were evaluated separately and high levels of miR-21 was associated with worse cancer-specific mortality (HR 2.16, 1.11–4.21) and relapse-free survival (3.40, 1.57–7.36) independent of other clinical factors. Conclusions: This is the first study to report that...

Saito, Motonobu; Schetter, Aaron J.; Mollerup, Steen Kristen; Kohno, Takashi; Skaug, Vidar; Bowman, Elise D.; Mathé, Ewy A.; Takenoshita, Seiichi; Yokota, Jun; Haugen, Aage; Harris, Curtis C.
Clinical Cancer Research 17(7): 1875–1882
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