Background Genome-wide association studies have identified three chromosomal regions at 15q25, 5p15, and 6p21 as being associated with the risk of lung cancer. To confirm these associations in independent studies and investigate heterogeneity of these associations within specific subgroups, we conducted a coordinated genotyping study within the International Lung Cancer Consortium based on independent studies that were not included in previous genome-wide association studies. Methods Genotype data for single-nucleotide polymorphisms at chromosomes 15q25 (rs16969968, rs8034191), 5p15 (rs2736100, rs402710), and 6p21 (rs2256543, rs4324798) from 21 case–control studies for 11 645 lung cancer case patients and 14 954 control subjects, of whom 85% were white and 15% were Asian, were pooled. Associations between the variants and the risk of lung cancer were estimated by logistic regression models. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results Associations between 15q25 and the risk of lung cancer were replicated in white ever-smokers (rs16969968: odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.21 to 1.32, Ptrend = 2 × 10−26), and this association was stronger for those diagnosed at younger ages. There was no association in never-smokers or in Asians between either of the 15q25 variants and the risk of lung cancer. For the chromosome 5p15 region, we...

Truong, Therese; Hung, Rayjean J.; Amos, Christopher I.; Wu, Xifeng; Bickeböller, Heike; Rosenberger, Albert; Sauter, Wiebke; Illig, Thomas; Wichmann, H.-Erich; Risch, Angela; Dienemann, Hendrik; Kaaks, Rudolph; Yang, Ping; Jiang, Ruoxiang; Wiencke, John K.; Wrensch, Margaret; Hansen, Helen; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh; Haugen, Aage; Tajima, K; Schwartz, AG; Wenzlaff, A; Seow, A; Ying, C; Staratschek-Jox, A; Nurnberg, P; Stoelben, E; Wolf, J; Lazarus, P; Muscat, JE; Gallagher, CJ; Zienolddiny, S; Haugen, A; van der Heijden, HFM; Kiemeney, LA; Isla, D; Mayordomo, JI; Rafnar, T; Stefansson, K; Zhang, ZF; Chang, SC; Kim, JH; Hong, YC; Duell, EJ; Andrew, AS; Lejbkowicz, F; Rennert, G; Muller, H; Brenner, H; Le Marchand, L; Benhamou, S; Bouchardy, C; Teare, MD; Xue, XY; McLaughlin, J; Liu, G; McKay, JD; Brennan, P; Spitz, MR
Journal of the National Cancer Institute 102(13): 959–971
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