Vit. artikkel

Publisert

  • 2024

Forskningsområde

Temaovergripende

Objective Within the scope of the Exposome Project for Health and Occupational Research on applying the exposome concept to working life health, we aimed to provide a broad overview of the status of knowledge on occupational exposures and associated health effects across multiple noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) to help inform research priorities. Methods We conducted a narrative review of occupational risk factors that can be considered to have “consistent evidence for an association,” or where there is “limited/inadequate evidence for an association” for 6 NCD groups: nonmalignant respiratory diseases; neurodegenerative diseases; cardiovascular/metabolic diseases; mental disorders; musculoskeletal diseases; and cancer. The assessment was done in expert sessions, primarily based on systematic reviews, supplemented with narrative reviews, reports, and original studies. Subsequently, knowledge gaps were identified, e.g. based on missing information on exposure–response relationships, gender differences, critical time-windows, interactions, and inadequate study quality. Results We identified over 200 occupational exposures with consistent or limited/inadequate evidence for associations with one or more of 60+ NCDs. Various exposures were identified as possible risk factors for multiple outcomes. Examples are diesel engine exhaust and cadmium, with consistent evidence for lung cancer, but limited/inadequate evidence for other cancer sites, respiratory, neurodegenerative, and cardiovascular diseases. Other examples are...

Peters, Susan; Undem, Karina; Solovieva, Svetlana E.; Selander, Jenny; Schlünssen, Vivi; Hengel, Karen M. Oude; Albin, Maria; Ge, Calvin B.; Kjellberg, Katarina; McElvenny, Damien M.; Gustavsson, Per; Kolstad, Henrik A.; Würtz, Anne Mette L.; Brinchmann, Bendik Christian; Broberg, Karin; Fossum, Stine; Bugge, Merete Drevvatne; Christensen, Mette Wulf; Ghosh, Manosij; Christiansen, David Høyrup; Merkus, Suzanne; Lunde, Lars-Kristian; Viikari-Juntura, Eira; Dalbøge, Annett; Falkstedt, Daniel; Willert, Morten Vejs; Huss, Anke; Würtz, Else Toft; Dumas, Orianne; Iversen, Inge Brosbøl; Leite, Mimmi; Cramer, Christine; Kirkeleit, Jorunn; Svanes, Cecilie; Tinnerberg, Håkan; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; Vested, Anne; Wiebert, Pernilla; Nordby, Karl-Christian; Godderis, Lode; Vermeulen, Roel; Pronk, Anjoeka; Mehlum, Ingrid Sivesind
Annals of Occupational Hygiene
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