Vit. artikkel


  • 2012


Fysisk arbeidsmiljø

Insulin stimulates glycogen synthase (GS) through dephosphorylation of serine residues, and this effect is impaired in skeletal muscle from insulin-resistant [obese and type 2 diabetic (T2DM)] subjects. Exercise also increases GS activity, yet it is not known whether the ability of exercise to affect GS is impaired in insulin-resistant subjects. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of acute exercise on GS phosphorylation and enzyme kinetic properties in muscle from insulin-resistant individuals. Lean normal glucose-tolerant (NGT), obese NGT, and obese T2DM subjects performed 40 min of moderate-intensity cycle exercise (70% of V̇o2max). GS kinetic properties and phosphorylation were measured in vastus lateralis muscle before exercise, immediately after exercise, and 3.5 h postexercise. In lean subjects, GS fractional activity increased twofold after 40 min of exercise, and it remained elevated after the 3.5-h rest period. Importantly, exercise also decreased GS Km for UDP-glucose from ≈0.5 to ≈0.2 mM. In lean subjects, exercise caused significant dephosphorylation of GS by 50–70% (Ser641, Ser645, and Ser645,649,653,657), and phosphorylation of these sites remained decreased after 3.5 h; Ser7 phosphorylation was not regulated by exercise. In obese NGT and T2DM subjects, exercise increased GS fractional activity, decreased Km for UDP-glucose, and decreased GS...

Jensen, Jørgen; Tantiwong, Puntip; Stuenæs, Jorid Thrane; Molina-Carrion, Marjorie; DeFronzo, Ralph; Sakamoto, Kei; Musi, Nicolas
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism HighWire Press, American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 303(1): E82–E89
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