Hjem Publikasjoner Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy: E[...]

Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy: European consensus of neuropsychological characteristics, assessment, and guidelines for diagnostics

Vit. artikkel

Publisert

  • 2012

Introduction: The presence of neuropsychological impairment is a hallmark of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE), and using clinical neuropsychological procedures to generate a valid assessment of the condition is crucial for its diagnosis. The goals of this consensus document are to provide updated knowledge of the neuropsychological characteristics of CSE and to provide internationally acceptable guidelines for using neuropsychological assessments in the process of diagnosing patients who are suspected of having CSE. Materials and methods: A European working group that was composed of experts in the field of the clinical diagnosis of CSE met at several round-table meetings and prepared this report. The first section of the consensus paper addresses a review of the relevant literature that was published between 1985 and March 2012. The second section addresses recommendations for the clinical neuropsychological assessment of patients who are suspected of having CSE. Results: The literature review indicates that the most common neuropsychological impairments in CSE patients are within the domains of attention, particularly the speed of information processing, memory, and motor performance. It appears that the influence of CSE on memory processes mainly involves immediate recall and generally involves verbal, visual and visuospatial material. In the second section, six recommendations are...

van Valen, Evelien; van Thriel, Christoph; Akila, Ritva; Nilson, Linda Nordling; Bast-Pettersen, Rita; Sainio, Markku; van Dijk, Frank; van der Laan, Gert; Verberk, Maarten; Wekking, Ellie
Neurotoxicology 33(4): 710–726
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