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Chemical Composition of Thoracic Dust at Workplaces During Cement Production

Vit. artikkel


  • 2023

Objectives Cement belongs to the most used building materials. Clinker is the major constituent of cement, and it is believed that the strong increase of pH after hydration of clinker minerals is responsible for the observed decline in lung function of cement production workers. Information on clinker exposure at workplaces in the cement production industry is scarse. The aims of this study are to determine the chemical composition of thoracic dust and to quantify workplace exposure to clinker in cement production. Methods The elemental composition of 1250 personal thoracic samples collected at workplaces in 15 plants located in 8 different countries (Estonia, Greece, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Turkey) was determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), separately for water- and acid-soluble fraction. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was used to determine the contribution of different sources to the dust composition and to quantify the clinker content in 1227 of the thoracic samples. In addition, 107 material samples were analysed to facilitate interpretation of the factors obtained by PMF. Results The median thoracic mass concentrations varied for individual plants between 0.28 and 3.5 mg/m3. PMF with 8 water-soluble and 10 insoluble (i.e., acid-soluble) element concentrations yielded a five-factor solution:...

Weinbruch, Stephan; Scerri, Mark; Wijnand, Eduard; Thomassen, Yngvar; Nordby, Karl-Christian; Berlinger, Balazs; Dahl, Kari; Friisk, Grete; Romanova, Natalya; Notø, Hilde Pettersen
Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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