Hjem Publikasjoner Bullying among people with visual impairm[...]

Bullying among people with visual impairment. Prevalence, associated factors and relationship to self-efficacy and life satisfaction

AIM: To examine associated factors of bullying and to determine associations between bullying and psychosocial outcomes among individuals with visual impairments (VI). METHODS: We conducted an age-stratified cross-sectional survey of adults with VI who were recruited from the Norwegian Association of the Blind and Partially Sighted. Data were collected through structural telephone interviews in the period between February and May, 2017. Linear regression models were used to examine factors related to bullying and associations of bullying with self-efficacy and life satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of 736 individuals were interviewed. The lifetime and 6-mo prevalence of bullying was 41.7% and 8.2%, respectively. The majority of bullied participants reported VI-specific bullying (65.1%). Victimization of bullying was associated with young age, early onset-age of VI, and having other impairments. Participants who reported bullying had lower levels of self-efficacy [Adjusted relative risk (ARR): 0.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.19-0.85] and life satisfaction (ARR: 0.68, 95%CI: 0.51-0.91). CONCLUSION: Bullying is highly prevalent among individuals with VI. Our findings suggest that interventions to reduce bullying may be beneficial for improving the well-being and life quality of people with VI.

Brunes, Audun; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Heir, Trond
World Journal of Psychiatry (WJP) Baishideng Publishing Group (BPG), World Journal of Psychiatry (WJP) 22(1): 43–50
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