With the emergence of nanotechnology the number of manufactured nanomaterials (MNM) in production and use is constantly increasing. Exposure of workers to MNM is of concern, because still much is unknown about health effects. MNM may have different properties, testing of each material is time consuming and costly. Experts have proposed various approaches to categorize MNM to facilitate risk assessment of human health effects based on shared properties of various materials. A systematic literature survey was undertaken to identify expert opinions on grouping of MNM published between the years 2000 and 2015. We summarized and synthesized the opinions according to a systematic review of text and opinion. We identified 22 articles that fulfilled our inclusion criteria reporting 17 proposals with three proposals for groups and 14 proposals for criteria for grouping. Five proposals suggested one or more of the following groups of concern: fibrous, biopersistent, high solubility with high toxicity, chemically active. Criteria proposed in multiple studies were: viable testing options, mode of action, physicochemical properties predicting toxicity. We conclude that a limited number of groups have been proposed to categorize MNM according to human health concern. Further research should be conducted to underpin the proposed groups with empirical evidence.

Landvik, Nina Elisabeth; Skaug, Vidar; Mohr, Benedicte; Verbeek, Jos; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (RTP) 95: 270–279
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