Background: The Norwegian aluminum industry developed and implemented a protocol for prospective monitoring of employees’ exposure using personal samplers. We analyzed these data to develop prediction lines to construct a job exposure matrix (JEM) for the period 1986–1995. Methods: The protocol for personal monitoring of exposure was implemented in all seven Norwegian aluminum plants in 1986 and continued until 1995. Personal samplers were used to collect total dust, fluorides, and total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). In addition, exposure could be categorized according to process, i.e. prebake, Søderberg, and ‘other’. We constructed four-dimensional JEMs characterized by: Plant, Job descriptor, Process, and Year. Totally 8074, 6734, and 3524 measurements were available for dust, fluorides, and PAH, respectively. The data were analyzed using linear mixed models with two-way interactions. The models were assessed using the Akaike criterion (AIC) and unadjusted R2. The significance level was set to 10% (two-sided) for retaining variables in the model. Results: In 1986, the geometric mean (95% confidence interval in parentheses) for total dust, total fluorides, and PAH were 3.18 (0.46–22.2) mg m−3, 0.58 (0.085–4.00) mg m−3, and 33.9 (2.3–504) µg m−3, respectively. During 10 years of follow-up, the exposure to total dust, fluorides, and PAH decreased by...

Søyseth, Vidar; Henneberger, Paul; Virji, Mohammed Abbas; Bakke, Berit; Kongerud, Johny
Annals of Occupational Hygiene 59(9): 1106–1121
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