We have previously shown in the rat slow-twitch soleus muscle that adrenaline greatly potentiates insulin-stimulated protein kinase B (PKB) phosphorylation without having an effect alone. However, insulin signalling capacity through the PKB pathway is higher in soleus than in fast-twitch muscles, whereas adrenaline activates phosphorylase more strongly in epitrochlearis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction between adrenaline and insulin signalling in the fast-twitch epitrochlearis muscle. Insulin increased insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1)-associated phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase activity threefold, and adrenaline did not influence basal or insulin-stimulated PI 3-kinase activity. Insulin but not adrenaline increased PKB activity and phosphorylation of Ser473 and Thr308. It is interesting to note that adrenaline potentiated insulin-stimulated PKB activity and PKB Ser473 and Thr308 phosphorylation. These effects were mimicked by dibutyryl-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (db-cAMP). Adrenaline and db-cAMP increased glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β Ser9 phosphorylation independently of PKB activation and enhanced insulin-stimulated GSK-3β Ser9 phosphorylation. Although adrenaline increased GSK-3 phosphorylation (inhibiting activity), phosphorylation of its target sites on glycogen synthase was increased, and adrenaline blocked insulin-stimulated glycogen synthase dephosphorylation of Ser641 and Ser645,649,653,657, glycogen synthase activation and glycogen synthesis. Insulin-stimulated glucose transport was not influenced by adrenaline despite the increased PKB activation. In...

Jensen, Jørgen; Grønning-Wang, Line Mariann; Jebens, Einar; Whitehead, Jonathan P.; Zorec, Robert; Shepherd, Peter R
Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 456(5): 969–978
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