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Nano- and microplastics: a comprehensive review on their exposure routes, translocation, and fate in humans

Vit. artikkel


  • 2022

Contamination of the environment with nano-and microplastic particles (NMPs) and its putative adverse effects on organisms, ecosystems, and human health is gaining increasing scientific and public attention. Various studies show that NMPs occur abundantly within the environment, leading to a high likelihood of human exposure to NMPs. Here, different exposure scenarios can occur. The most notable exposure routes of NMPs into the human body are via the airways and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) through inhalation or ingestion, but also via the skin due to the use of personal care products (PCPs) containing NMPs. Once NMPs have entered the human body, it is possible that they are translocated from the exposed organ to other body compartments. In our review article, we combine the current knowledge on the (1) exposure routes of NMPs to humans with the basic understanding of the potential (2) translocation mechanisms into human tissues and, consequently, their (3) fate within the human body. Regarding the (1) exposure routes, we reviewed the current knowledge on the occurrence of NMPs in food, beverages, personal care products and the air (focusing on indoors and workplaces) and found that the studies suggest an abundant presence of MPs within the exposure scenarios. The overall...

Ramsperger, Anja F.R.M.; Bergamaschi, Enrico; Panizzolo, Marco; Fenoglio, Ivana; Barbero, Francesco; Peters, Ruud; Undas, Anna; Purker, Sebastian; Giese, Bernd; Lalyer, Carina R.; Tamargo, Alba; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Kühnel, Dana; Dietrich, Jana; Paulsen, Friedrich; Afanou, Komlavi Anani; Zienolddiny-Narui, Shan; Hammer, Stine Eriksen; Ervik, Torunn Kringlen; Laforsch, Christian
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