Purpose: Caffeine (CAF) improves performance in both short- and long-duration running and cycling where performance relies on power output and endurance capacity of leg muscles. No studies have so far tested the effects of CAF while using the double-poling (DP) technique in cross-country skiing. When using the DP technique, arm muscles provide the speed-generating force and therefore play an important role in performance outcome. The metabolism of arm muscles differs from that of leg muscles. Thus, results from studies on leg muscles and CAF may not be directly applicable to exercises while using the DP technique in cross-country skiing. The purpose of our study was therefore to investigate the effects of CAF on exercise performance in DP. Method: Ten highly trained male cross-country skiers (V·O2max running, 69.3 ± 1.0 mL·kg-1·min-1) performed a placebo (PLA) and CAF trial using a randomized, double-blind, crossover design. Performance was assessed by measuring the time to complete an 8-km cross-country DP performance test (C-PT). CAF (6 mg·kg-1) or PLA was ingested 75 min before the C-PT. Results: CAF ingestion reduced the time to complete the 8-km C-PT from 34:26 ± 1:25 to 33:01 ± 1:24 min (P < 0.05). The subjects maintained higher speed and...

Stadheim, Hans Kristian; Kvamme, Bent; Olsen, Raymond; Drevon, Christian A; Ivy, John L.; Jensen, Jørgen
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise American College of Sports Medicine, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 45(11): 2175–2183
Les publikasjon