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Assessing Lung Cancer Absolute Risk Trajectory Based on a Polygenic Risk Model

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  • 2021

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death globally. An improved risk stratification strategy can increase efficiency of low-dose CT (LDCT) screening. Here we assessed whether individual's genetic background has clinical utility for risk stratification in the context of LDCT screening. On the basis of 13,119 patients with lung cancer and 10,008 controls with European ancestry in the International Lung Cancer Consortium, we constructed a polygenic risk score (PRS) via 10-fold cross-validation with regularized penalized regression. The performance of risk model integrating PRS, including calibration and ability to discriminate, was assessed using UK Biobank data (N = 335,931). Absolute risk was estimated on the basis of age-specific lung cancer incidence and all-cause mortality as competing risk. To evaluate its potential clinical utility, the PRS distribution was simulated in the National Lung Screening Trial (N = 50,772 participants). The lung cancer ORs for individuals at the top decile of the PRS distribution versus those at bottom 10% was 2.39 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.92–3.00; P = 1.80 × 10−14] in the validation set (Ptrend = 5.26 × 10−20). The OR per SD of PRS increase was 1.26 (95% CI = 1.20–1.32; P = 9.69 × 10−23) for overall lung...

Hung, Rayjean J.; Warkentin, Matthew T.; Brhane, Yonathan; Chatterjee, Nilanjan; Christiani, David C.; Landi, Maria Teresa; Caporaso, Neil E.; Liu, Geoffrey; Johansson, Mattias; Albanes, Demetrius; Le Marchand, Loic; Tardon, Adonina; Rennert, Gad; Bojesen, Stig E.; Chen, Chu; Field, John K.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Lazarus, Philip; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh; Lam, Stephen; Andrew, Angeline S.; Arnold, Susanne M.; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Bickeböller, Heike; Risch, Angela; Schabath, Matthew B.; McKay, James D.; Brennan, Paul; Amos, Christopher I.
Cancer Research American Association for Cancer Research, Cancer Research 81(6): 1607–1615
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