Vit. artikkel


  • 2023

Antidepressants are used to treat depression and some anxiety disorders, including use in pregnant patients. The pharmacological actions of these drugs generally determine the uptake and metabolism of a series of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, or dopamine, along with an increase in BDNF expression. However, many aspects of antidepressant action remain unknown, particularly whether antidepressants interfere with normal neurodevelopment when taken by pregnant women. In order to reveal cellular and molecular implications crucial to the functioning of pathways related to antidepressant effects, we performed an investigation on neuronally differentiating human SH-SY5Y cells. To our knowledge, this is the first time human SH-SY5Y cells in cultures of purely neuronal cells induced by controlled differentiation with retinoic acid are followed by short-term 48-h exposure to 0.1–10 μM escitalopram or venlafaxine. Treatment with antidepressants (1 μM) did not affect the electrophysiological properties of SH-SY5Y cells. However, the percentage of mature neurons exhibiting voltage-gated sodium currents was substantially higher in cultures pre-treated with either antidepressant. After exposure to escitalopram or venlafaxine, we observed a concentration-dependent increase in activity-dependent BDNF promoter IV activation. The assessment of neurite metrics showed significant down-regulation of neurite outgrowth upon exposure to venlafaxine. Identified changes may represent links to...

Zosen, Denis; Kondratskaya, Elena; Kaplan Arabaci, Öyküm; Haugen, Fred; Paulsen, Ragnhild Elisabeth Heimtun
Neurochemistry International 169
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