Vit. artikkel


  • 2020


Fysisk arbeidsmiljø

To investigate the association and the exposure–response relationship between work above shoulder height and shoulder pain or disorders. Methods A systematic search was performed in Medline, Embase, and Health and Safety Science Abstracts. Included were articles with prospective cohort, case–control, cross-sectional, or intervention study designs. Quality assessment was based on an evaluation scheme adjusted to study design and normalized to 100%. The cut-off for sufficient quality to include articles was above 40% and cut-off for high-quality articles was above 50% of maximal score. The level of strength of evidence for an association between exposure and effect was assessed according to the GRADE guidelines. Results Thirty-four articles were included. Articles that document large effects (higher risk estimates; OR ≥ 2) have higher quality score, include analyses of severe arm elevation, more often use clinical outcome, and report an exposure–response relationship compared to studies reporting lower risk estimates. The studies that reported large effects were all significant. An exposure–response relationship was found in many high-quality studies when relating exposure intensity of arm elevation (level of arm elevation, amplitude) as well as duration of arm elevation, especially > 90°. Conclusion We conclude on a limited evidence for an association between arm elevation at work and shoulder disorders....

Wærsted, Morten; Koch, Markus; Veiersted, Kaj Bo
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 93: 925–954
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