Vit. artikkel

Publisert

  • 2024

Forskningsområde

Fysisk arbeidsmiljø

Investigating how individual characteristics modify treatment effects can improve understanding, interpretation, and translation of trial findings. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to identify treatment effect modifiers of the MI-NAV trial, a three arm, parallel randomized controlled trial which compared motivational interviewing and stratified vocational advice intervention in addition to usual case management, to usual case management alone. This study included (n=514) participants with musculoskeletal disorders on sick leave for at least 50% of their contracted work hours for at least 7 consecutive weeks with the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration. Sickness absence days was the primary outcome, measured from baseline assessment date until the six-month follow-up. Potential treatment effect modifiers, identified a priori and informed by expert consultation and literature, were evaluated using linear regression models and statistical interaction tests. For motivational interviewing versus usual case management, age (mean difference -0.7, 95% confidence interval -1.5 to 0.2; P=0.13) and self-perceived health status (mean difference -0.3, 95% confidence interval -0.7 to 0.1; P=0.19) were identified as potential effect modifiers (p ≤ 0.2). For stratified vocational advice intervention versus usual case management, analgesic medication use (MD -26.2, 95% CI -45.7 to -6.7; P=0.009) was identified as a treatment effect modifier...

Venter, Martjie; Grotle, Margreth; Øiestad, Britt Elin; Aanesen, Fiona; Tingulstad, Alexander; Rysstad, Tarjei Langseth; Ferraro, Michael; McAuley, James H.; Cashin, Aidan G.
Journal of Pain
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