Vit. artikkel


  • 2024

Purpose To study the risk for eye diseases in individuals with Ulcerative Colitis (UC), and to assess whether silica dust-exposure could contribute to the development of inflammatory eye diseases. Methods A case–control study was conducted using a patient register processed by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW) and Statistics Sweden. Cases were diagnosed with UC between 2007 and 2016. Matching was done with two random controls having the same age, sex and county of residence, without a systemic inflammatory disease. Using a job-exposure matrix, cases and controls were assessed for work-related silica dust exposure. The risk for eye disease was estimated by Cox regression analysis with calculation of Hazard Ratio (HR). Results A total of 58 989 individuals were included, comprising 19 663 cases and 39 326 controls. The sex distribution was similar. Overall, individuals with UC had an increased risk for eye disease, specified in ICD 10 chapter VII (H00-H59) with HR 1.25 (CI 1.20–1.32). The highest HR on block-level for cases was 1.52 (CI 1.36–1.70), (H15-H22), which includes episcleritis, keratitis and anterior uveitis. The risk for ocular disease was higher in silica dust-exposed than non-exposed with a HR of 1.44 (CI 1.16–1.78) and 1.25 (CI 1.19–1.31), respectively. Among cases,...

Makdoumi, Karim; Ayoub, Lucyn; Bryngelsson, Ing-Liss; Graff, Pål; Wiebert, Pernilla; Vihlborg, Per
Acta Ophthalmologica
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