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Ranking of nanomaterial potency to induce pathway perturbations associated with lung responses

Vit. artikkel


  • 2019

Global transcriptomic responses in lungs of mice exposed for 24 h to individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs, ten different types), nano titanium dioxide (nano TiO2, nine different types) and one type of carbon black (CB) nanomaterials (NMs) were investigated using toxicogenomics tools to determine if gene or pathway dose-response modelling can be used to rank the potential of NMs to induce in vivo acute lung inflammation. In each study, female adult C57BL/6 mouse lungs were intratracheally exposed once with 18, 54 or 162 μg/mouse doses of individual NMs and control mice were exposed to vehicle only. A high dose of 486 μg/mouse was used in only one study that involved nanoTiO2. The pathway perturbations associated with NM features and the underlying toxicity mechanisms were identified using bioinformatics tools. Bench Mark Dose (BMD) response analysis was conducted to derive transcriptional BMD estimates for each differentially expressed gene and the associated pathways in NM-treated lungs compared to vehicle-treated controls. The resulting BMDs were used to rank the potency of different NMs to induce perturbations in pathways that mark the occurrence of acute lung inflammation in mice. The transcriptional BMDs were compared with the BMDs of an apical endpoint derived for the lung neutrophil influx in...

Halappanavar, Sabina; Rahman, Luna; Nikota, Jake; Poulsen, Sarah S.; Ding, Yaobo; Jackson, Petra; Wallin, Håkan; Schmid, Otmar; Vogel, Ulla; Williams, Andrew
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