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Occupational Exposure during Asphalt Paving—Comparison of Hot and Warm Mix Asphalt in Field Experiments

Vit. artikkel

Publisert

  • 2021

Objectives Several studies have demonstrated an increased risk of adverse health effects, including reduced lung function and lung cancer among asphalt pavers, which has been related to occupational exposure to contaminants during asphalt paving. Consequently, occupational exposure among asphalt pavers must be reduced. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of hot mix asphalt (HMA) and warm mix asphalt (WMA) paving on occupational exposure levels during road paving in field experiments. Asphalt temperatures when paving with WMA are usually lower than when paving with HMA due to differences in the asphalt’s composition and method of application. Methods On 11 different road sections, one lane was paved with WMA and one with HMA during the same work shift under approximately identical weather conditions. The weather conditions and asphalt surface temperature were monitored during paving. Fifty-seven samples of fumes and vapor, organic and elemental carbon, amines, and respirable, thoracic, and inhalable particulate matter (PM) fractions were collected by stationary sampling. In addition, 30 samples of fumes and vapor were collected by personal sampling Results Compared to paving with HMA, paving with WMA significantly (P < 0.05; paired Student’s t-test) reduced the geometric mean (GM) air concentration of asphalt vapor...

Annals of Work Exposures and Health 65(4): 446–457
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