Vit. artikkel


  • 2023


Fysisk arbeidsmiljø

Transient potential (TRP) ion channels expressed in primary sensory neurons act as the initial detectors of environmental cold and heat, information which controls muscle energy expenditure. We hypothesize that non-neuronal TRPs have direct cellular responses to thermal exposure, also affecting cellular metabolism. In the present study we show expression of TRPA1, TRPM8 and TRPV1 in rat skeletal muscle and human primary myotubes by qPCR. Effects of TRP activity on metabolism in human myotubes were studied using radiolabeled glucose. FURA-2 was used for Ca2+ imaging. TRPA1, TRPM8 and TRPV1 were expressed at low levels in primary human myotubes and in m. gastrocnemius, m. soleus, and m. trapezius from rat. Activation of TRPA1 by ligustilide resulted in an increased glucose uptake and oxidation in human myotubes, whereas activation of TRPM8 by menthol and icilin significantly decreased glucose uptake and oxidation. Activation of heat sensing TRPV1 by capsaicin had no effect on glucose metabolism. Agonist-induced increases in intracellular Ca2+ levels by ligustilide and icilin in human myotubes confirmed a direct activation of TRPA1 and TRPM8, respectively. The mRNA expression of some genes involved in thermogenesis, i.e. peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), uncoupling protein (UCP) 1 and UCP3, were downregulated in human...

Skagen, Christine; Løvsletten, Nils Gunnar; Asoawe, Lucia; Al-Karbawi, Zeineb; Rustan, Arild Christian; Thoresen, G. Hege; Haugen, Fred
Journal of Thermal Biology 116
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