Vit. artikkel


  • 2023

Objectives To estimate the composition and exposure to clinker and other specific components in personal thoracic dust samples of cement production workers. Methods A procedure for the classification of airborne particles in cement production plants was developed based on classification trees. For this purpose, the chemical compositions of 27,217 particles in 29 material samples (clinker, limestone, gypsum, clay, quartz, bauxite, iron source, coal fly ash, and coal) were determined automatically by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The concentrations of the major elements in cement (calcium, aluminium, silicon, iron, and sulphur) were used for the classifications. The split criteria of the classification trees obtained in the material samples were used to classify 44,176 particles in 34 personal thoracic aerosol samples. The contents of clinker and other materials were estimated, and the clinker contents were analysed statistically for differences between job types and job tasks. Results Between 64% and 88% of the particles from material samples were classified as actual materials. The material types with variable composition (clay, coal fly ash, and coal) were classified with the lowest consistency (64% to 67%), while materials with a more limited compositional variation (clinker, gypsum, and quartz) were classified more consistently...

Annals of Work Exposures and Health 67(8): 990–1003
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