Hjem Publikasjoner Childhood sensorineural hearing loss and [...]

Childhood sensorineural hearing loss and adult mental health up to 43 years later. Results from the HUNT study

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  • 2019

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Background: Hearing loss is a global public health problem putting millions of people at risk of experiencing impediments in communication and potentially impaired mental health. Many studies in this field are based on small, cross sectional samples using self-report measures. The present study aims to investigate the association between childhood sensorineural hearing loss and mental health in adult men and women longitudinally in a large cohort with a matched control group, and hearing is measured by pure-tone audiometry. Studies of this kind are virtually non-existing. Methods: The present study combines data from two large studies; the School Hearing Investigation in Nord-Trøndelag (SHINT) carried out yearly from 1954 to 1986, and the second wave of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 2) conducted from 1995 to 1997. The participants were 7, 10 or 13 years during the SHINT, and between 20 and 56 years old during HUNT 2. The total sample consisted of 32,456 participants (of which 32,104 in the reference group). Participants with a sensorineural hearing loss in SHINT of 41 dB or more were classified with moderate-severe hearing loss (N = 66), 26–40 dB as mild (N = 66) and 16–25 dB as slight (N = 220). Mental health in adulthood was measured in HUNT 2 by symptoms of anxiety and...

Idstad, Mariann; Tambs, Kristian; Aarhus, Lisa; Engdahl, Bo Lars
BMC Public Health 19
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