Vit. artikkel


  • 2023

Objective The objective of our study was to examine whether occupational exposure to benzene is associated with lung cancer among males in the Norwegian Offshore Petroleum Workers cohort. Methods Among 25 347 male offshore workers employed during 1965–1998, we conducted a case-cohort study with 399 lung cancer cases diagnosed between 1999 and 2021, and 2035 non-cases sampled randomly by 5-year birth cohorts. Individual work histories were coupled to study-specific job-exposure matrices for benzene and other known lung carcinogens. Weighted Cox regression was used to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for the associations between benzene exposure and lung cancer, by major histological subtypes, adjusted for age, smoking and occupational exposure to welding fumes, asbestos and crystalline silica. Missing data were imputed. Results For lung cancer (all subtypes combined), HRs (95% CIs) for the highest quartiles of benzene exposure versus unexposed were 1.15 (0.61 to 2.35) for cumulative exposure, 1.43 (0.76 to 2.69) for duration, and 1.22 (0.68 to 2.18) for average intensity (0.280≤P-trend≤0.741). For 152 adenocarcinoma cases, a positive trend was observed for exposure duration (P-trend=0.044). Conclusions In this cohort of offshore petroleum workers generally exposed to low average levels of benzene, we did not find an overall clear support for an...

Babigumira, Ronnie; Veierød, Marit Bragelien; Hosgood, H. Dean; Samuelsen, Sven Ove; Bråtveit, Magne; Kirkeleit, Jorunn; Rothman, Nathaniel; Lan, Qing; Silverman, Debra T.; Friesen, Melissa C.; Shala, Nita Kaupang; Grimsrud, Tom Kristian; Stenehjem, Jo Steinson
Occupational and Environmental Medicine BMJ Publishing Group, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 81(1)
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