Vit. artikkel


  • 2009



Intense exercise depends on energy from both aerobic and anaerobic processes. These processes produce CO2 and lactate, respectively, and both metabolites affect blood's acid-base status. To examine how the acid-base status of arterial and femoral-venous blood is affected and regulated, seven healthy young men cycled for 2 min at constant power to exhaustion. Blood samples were drawn from indwelling catheters in the femoral artery and vein during exercise and for 1 h after, and the samples were analysed for lactate (La–), acid-base parameters, and plasma electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl–, La–, HCO3–). The chloride concentration in red blood cells (cClRBC) was also determined to quantify the chloride shift. Arterial (femoral-venous, fv, mean values) blood lactate concentration rose to 13.8 mmol L–1 (fv 15.7), pH fell to 7.18 (fv 7.00), pCO2 changed to 41 hPa (fv 114), and blood bicarbonate concentration was more than halved after exercise. cClRBC rose by 5 (a) and 8 mmol L–1 blood (fv) during exercise. pCO2 and pH fell linearly by the lactate concentration. Consequently, blood bicarbonate concentration fell by 81% of the increase in blood lactate concentration, while blood base deficit rose 30% more than lactate did. Bicarbonate thus neutralised 62% of the total acid load....

Medbø, Jon Ingulf; Noddeland, Harald; Hanem, Sigrid
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis 14: 66–94
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