Vit. artikkel


  • 2008

Female sex hormones have previously been suggested as possible risk factors for brain tumors, but published studies have reported conflicting results. We conducted a population-based case-control study of glioma (n = 626) and meningioma (n = 906) cases and randomly selected controls stratified on age and geographic region (n = 1,774) in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) for glioma and meningioma in relation to reproductive factors. A decreased glioma risk was associated with ever-pregnancy compared with never-pregnancy [OR, 0.8; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.6-1.0]. Meningioma risk among women ages <50 years was increased in relation to number of pregnancies leading to a live birth (OR, 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-2.8 for giving birth to 3 children compared with nulliparous women; Ptrend among parous women = 0.01). This relation was not found for older women. Breast-feeding among parous women increased the glioma risk (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.3-3.9 for breast-feeding 36 months or more compared with breast-feeding 3 months or less). Menopausal status and age at menopause were not associated with meningioma or glioma risk. Our findings imply that reproductive hormones may influence the occurrence of meningioma and...

Wigertz, Annette; Lönn, Stefan; Hall, Per; Auvinen, Annsi; Christensen, Helle Collatz; Johansen, Christoffer; Klæboe, Lars; Salminen, Tiina; Schoemaker, Minouk J.; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Tynes, Tore; Feychting, Maria
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 17(10): 2663–2670
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