Vit. artikkel


  • 2001

Exposure to gases and dust may induce airway inflammation. It was hypothesized that heavy construction workers who had been exposed to dust and gases in underground construction work for 1 yr, would have early signs of upper and lower airway inflammation, as compared to outdoor workers. A study group comprising 29 nonsmoking underground concrete workers (mean +/- SD age 44+/-12 yrs), and a reference group of 26 outdoor concrete workers (39+/-12 yrs) were examined by acoustic rhinometry, nasal and exhaled nitric oxide spirometry and a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. Exposure measurements were carried out. The underground workers had higher exposure to total and respirable dust, alpha-quartz and nitrogen dioxide than the references (p<0.001). The occurrence of respiratory symptoms was higher in the underground workers than in the references (p<0.05). Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) (geometric mean+/-SEM) was higher in the underground workers than in the references (8.4+/-1.09 versus 5.6+/-1.07 parts per billion (ppb), p = 0.001), whereas spirometric values were comparable. The underground workers had smaller nasal cross-sectional area and volume than the references, and more pronounced increases after decongestion (p<0.001). To conclude the exposure in underground construction may cause nasal mucosal swelling and increased levels of exhaled nitric oxide, indicating...

Ulvestad, Bente; Lund, May Brit; Bakke, Berit; Djupesland, PG; Kongerud, Johny; Boe, J
European Respiratory Journal European Respiratory Society, European Respiratory Journal 17(3): 416–421
Les publikasjon