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Urinary iodine excretion and optimal time point for sampling when estimating 24-hour urinary iodine

Academic Article


  • 2023

Iodine deficiency may cause thyroid dysfunction. The iodine intake in a population is measured by urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in spot samples or 24-hour urinary iodine excretion (24UIE). 24UIE is considered the gold standard and may be estimated using an equation including UIC, urinary creatinine concentration, gender and age (e24UIE). The aims of this study were to evaluate the preferable timing of UIC when using this equation and assess the variability of urinary iodine excretion. 60 healthy non-smoking women (n 31) and men (n 29) were included in Gothenburg, Sweden. Twelve urine samples were collected at six fixed times on two separate days. Variability was calculated for UIC, 24UIE, e24UIE, iodine excretion per hour (iHr) and UIC adjusted for creatinine and specific gravity. Median 24UIE was 156 µg/24 h and the median UIC (all spot samples) was 104 µg/L. UIC (P < 0·001), 24UIE (P = 0·001) and e24UIE (P < 0·001) were significantly higher in men. e24UIE was relatively similar to 24UIE. However, when e24UIE was calculated from UIC in the first void, it was about 15 % lower than 24UIE (P < 0·001). iHr was lowest in the morning and highest in the afternoon. Median iHr was higher...

Eriksson, Janna; Barregard, Lars; Sallsten, Gerd; Berlinger, Balasz; Weinbruch, Stephan; Manousou, Sofia; Ellingsen, Dag; Nyström, Helena Filipsson
British Journal of Nutrition
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