Academic Article


  • 2022

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress both in the airways and blood and other organs. Elevated oxidative stress and inflammation have been reported to affect leucocyte telomere length (LTL). Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are a large family of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes that utilize different ROS products. We aimed to explore the link between GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms, LTL and COPD risk. For GSTM1, we genotyped 152 COPD patients and 131 non-affected controls; for GSTT1, we genotyped 149 COPD patients and 130 controls. We were able to assess TL for 91 patients and 88 controls. There was a significant difference in the GSTM1 null genotype frequency between the patients and controls (0.59 vs. 0.38, p ≤ 0.000), but such was not found for GSTT1 (p = 0.192). When combining both polymorphisms, we obtained a significantly greater presence of at least one null genotype among patients (0.12 vs. 0.05, p = 0.027). An association between GSTT1 and LTL was not found. COPD patients carrying the GSTM1 null genotype had shorter telomeres compared to those carrying the non-null genotype (15,720 bp vs. 22,442 bp, p = 0.008); as for the controls, it was the opposite (31,354...

Tacheva, Tanya; Zienolddiny-Narui, Shanbeh; Dimov, Dimo; Vlaykova, Denitsa; Miteva, Iva; Vlaykova, Tatyana
Current Issues in Molecular Biology 44(8): 3757–3769
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