Academic Article


  • 2015

Purpose: The aim was to study inflammatory biomarkers in tunnel construction workers (TCW). Methods: Surfactant protein D (SP-D), Clara cell protein 16 (CC-16) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were studied in serum of 90 TCW and 50 referents before and at the end of an 11-day work period. Personal air sampling was carried out on the two consecutive days before follow-up. Results: The TCW’s geometric mean exposure to particulate matter and α-quartz were 604 and 74 µg/m3, respectively. The arithmetic mean concentration of elemental carbon was 51 µg/m3. The arithmetic mean concentration of SP-D was reduced by 7.6 µg/L in the TCWs and 0.6 µg/L in the referents (p = 0.04) at the end as compared to before the work period. Subjects who had ever been TCW had lower arithmetic mean CC-16 concentrations at baseline (5.4 µg/L) than subjects who had never worked as TCW (6.4 µg/L). Years worked as TCW was significantly associated with an annual mean decline of the CC-16 concentration of 0.04 µg/L. The concentrations of the biomarker of systemic inflammation, CRP, were not affected by exposure in the TCWs. Current smoking and body mass index have a large impact on the measured biomarker concentrations. Conclusions: The results...

Ellingsen, Dag; Ulvestad, Bente; Bakke, Berit; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Barregard, Lars; Thomassen, Yngvar
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 88(7): 943–951
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