Academic Article


  • 2005

Here we show that several cell signaling inhibitors have effect on cyp1a1 expression and the metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) in Hepa1c1c7 cells. The CYP1A1 inhibitor α-naphthoflavone (α-NF), the p53 inhibitor pifithrin-α (PFT-α), the ERK inhibitors PD98059 and U0126, and the p38 MAPK inhibitors SB202190 and PD169316 induced the expression and level of cyp1a1 protein. On the other hand, during the first h the inhibitors appeared to reduce the metabolism of B[a]P as measured by the generation of tetrols and by covalent binding of B[a]P to macromolecules. In contrast, the phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase inhibitor wortmannin, had neither an effect on the cyp1a1 expression nor the B[a]P-metabolism. In order to avoid these unspecific effects, we characterized the mechanisms involved in the apoptotic effects of B[a]P-metabolites. B[a]P and the B[a]P-metabolites B[a]P-7,8-DHD and BPDE-I induced apoptosis, whereas B[a]P-4,5-DHD had no effect. B[a]P, B[a]P-7,8-DHD and BPDE-I induced an accumulation and phosphorylation of p53, while the Bcl-2 proteins Bcl-xl, Bad and Bid were down-regulated. Interestingly, the levels of anti-apoptotic phospho-Bad were up-regulated in response to B[a]P as well as to B[a]P-7,8-DHD and BPDE-I. Both p38 MAPK and JNK were activated, but the p38 MAPK inhibitors were not able to inhibit BPDE-I-induced apoptosis. PFT-α reduced the BPDE-I-induced...

Solhaug, Anita; Øvrebø, Steinar; Mollerup, Steen; Låg, Marit; Schwartze, Per E.; Nesnow, Stephen; Holme, Jørn A
Chemico-Biological Interactions 151(2): 101–119
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