Academic Article


  • 2012

Background Bacterial single-cell protein (BSCP) constitutes of dried bacterial mass which is used as protein enrichment in animal and fish feed. In the production of BSCP, workers are exposed to organic dust containing high levels of endotoxins (arithmetic mean 390 EU/m3 in the moderate exposure and 5800–11 000 EU/m3 in the high exposure groups) and have elevated levels of sputum neutrophils and cytokines associated with exposure. Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate if airway inflammation among the workers had declined 1 year after cessation of exposure. Methods Twenty-four non-smoking production workers (age 28–52) with a work history of 2–7 years were included in the study. Measurements Markers of airways inflammation and innate immune function (using flow cytometry) were assessed in an exposure period and 1 year after cessation of exposure. Results Sputum neutrophil proportion and numbers were significantly decreased 1 year after cessation of exposure to BSCP (43% vs 71%, 186 vs 598 neutrophils/mg sputum; p<0.001) as were eNO (17 ppb vs 21 ppb (p=0.01) and interleukin-1β (p<0.05) and interleukin-8 (p<0.05). Neutrophils had enhanced expression of CD11b/CR3 (p<0.01) and CD16/FcγRIII (p<0.001) and macrophages had lower expression of CD86 (p<0.01) 1 year after cessation of exposure. Conclusions One year after closure of the plant airway neutrophils and...

Sikkeland, Liv Ingunn Bjoner; Wijnand, Eduard; Skogstad, Marit; Alexis, Neil E.; Kongerud, Johny
Occupational and Environmental Medicine BMJ Publishing Group, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 69(10): 721–726
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