Academic Article


  • 2024

Introduction Previous research has identified low socioeconomic status (SES) as a risk factor for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) and disability pension (DP) following trauma. However, most studies lack information on medical diagnoses, limiting our understanding of the underlying factors. To address this gap, we retrieved information about diagnostic causes for receipt of welfare benefits to explore the role of SES in the transition from post-injury LTSA to permanent DP among the working population in Norway. Materials and methods We conducted a population-based cohort study of all Norwegian residents aged 25–59 years registered with a spell of LTSA due to injury commencing in the period 2000–2003. This cohort was followed through 2014 by linking information on receipt of welfare benefits with sociodemographic data from administrative registers. SES was defined as a composite measure of educational attainment and income level. We used flexible parametric survival models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) for all-cause and diagnosis-specific DP according to SES, adjusting for sex, age, marital status, immigrant status and healthcare region of residence. Results Of 53,937 adults with post-injury LTSA, 9,665 (18 %) transferred to DP during follow-up. The crude risk of DP was highest for LTSA...

Ohm, Eyvind; Madsen, Christian; Gravseth, Hans Magne Ulrik; Brage, Søren Karl; Grøholt, Else Karin; Alver, Kari; Holvik, Kristin
Injury 55(4)
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