Academic Article


  • 2000

The prognostic value of p53 status in non-small cell lung cancer has been investigated in 148 patients with clinical stage I-IIIB disease. Tumor tissues were examined for mutations in exons 4-9, with emphasis on defined structural and functional domains. Eighty-four mutations were detected in 83 (54%) of the patients. Eighty-eight percent of the mutations were within exons 5-8, and 12% of the mutations were within exons 4 and 9. Missense mutations occurred in 67% of the tumors, and 30% were null mutations (10% stop mutations, 15% frameshift mutations, and 5% splice site mutations). Patients with mutations in p53 had a significantly higher risk for lung cancer-related death and for death from all causes than those with wild-type p53 [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.09 and 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-3.64 and HR = 1.69 and 95% CI = 1.06-2.70, respectively]. Mutations in p53 related to even still poorer lung cancer-related prognosis were found at the following locations: (a) exon 8 (HR = 3.5; 95% CI, 1.59-7.71)]; (b) the structural domains L2 + L3 (HR = 2.36; 95% CI, 1.18-4.74), and (c) codons involved in zinc binding (HR = 11.7; 95% CI, 3.56-38.69). Together, the biologically functional group of severe flexible...

Skaug, Vidar; Ryberg, David; Kure, Elin H.; Arab, Mohammed O.; Stangeland, Lodve; Myking, Andreas O.; Haugen, Aage
Clinical Cancer Research 6(3): 1031–1037