Academic Article


  • 2015

Objectives We assessed whether maternal employment during pregnancy – overall and in selected occupational sectors – is associated with birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (LBW), length of gestation, and preterm delivery in a population-based birth cohort design. Methods We used data from >200 000 mother-child pairs enrolled in 13 European birth cohorts and compared employed versus non-employed women. Among employees, we defined groups of occupations representing the main sectors of employment for women where potential reproductive hazards are considered to be present. The comparison group comprised all other employed women not included in the occupational sector being assessed. We performed meta-analyses of cohort-specific estimates and explored heterogeneity. Results Employees had a lower risk of preterm delivery than non-employees [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) 0.86, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.81–0.91]. Working in most of the occupational sectors studied was not associated with adverse birth outcomes. Being employed as a nurse was associated with lower risk SGA infants (ORadj 0.91, 95% CI 0.84–0.99) whereas food industry workers had an increased risk of preterm delivery (ORadj 1.50, 95% CI 1.12–2.02). There was little evidence for heterogeneity between cohorts. Conclusions This study suggests that, overall, employment during pregnancy...

Casas, Maribel; Cordier, Sylvaine; Martinez, David; Barros, Henrique; Bonde, Jens Peter; Burdorf, Alex; Costet, Nathalie; dos Santos, Ana Cristina; Danilevičiūtė, Asta; Eggesbø, Merete Åse; Fernández, Mariana F.; Fevotte, Joelle; García, Ana M.; Gražulevičienė, Regina; Hallner, Eva; Hanke, Wojciech; Kogevinas, Maolis; Kull, Inger Marie; Larsen, Pernille Stemann; Melaki, Vasiliki; Monfort, Christine; Nordby, Karl-Christian; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Patelarou, Evridiki; Polanska, Kinga; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Santa Marina, Loreto; Snijder, Claudia; Tardón, Adonina; Van Eijsden, Manon; Vrijkotte, Tanja GM; Zugna, Daniela; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Vrijheid, Martine
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 41(4): 384–396
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