Academic Article


  • 1997

Objective: To examine the influence of pain on activation in brief maximal and sustained submaximal isometric abduction in patients with rotator tendinosis of the shoulder. Design: Randomized, controlled experimental trial. Participants: Ten patients with complaints of at least 3 months' duration (median range, 1 to 2 years) and nine healthy controls. Intervention: Patients and controls were randomized into subacromial local anesthetic injection on 2 different days. Methods: The uninvolved shoulder was tested first, elbow flexed 90°, shoulder abducted 45°. The protocol consisted of three brief maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs), followed by a sustained submaximal contraction until exhaustion and three MVCs during a 20-minute recovery period. Electromyography (EMG) was obtained bilaterally from the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, upper trapezius, and middle deltoid muscles. Pain was scored on a visual analogue scale (0 to 100). Results: Mean pain rating on MVC of the involved side of patients was reduced from 28 to 10 by subacromial injection. Mean MVC force improved from 163N to 184N (95% confidence interval for the difference, 14 to 29N). The accompanying EMG amplitude during MVC increased significantly in three of the four muscles examined. Pain, force, and EMG of the uninvolved side and in controls were unaltered. Endurance time and...

Brox, Jens Ivar; Røe, Cecilie; Saugen, Eirik; Vøllestad, Nina K
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation W. B. Saunders Company, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 78(11): 1260–1267
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