Academic Article


  • 2023

Background Although the associations between genetic variations and lung cancer risk have been explored, the epigenetic consequences of DNA methylation in lung cancer development are largely unknown. Here, the genetically predicted DNA methylation markers associated with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk by a two-stage case-control design were investigated. Methods The genetic prediction models for methylation levels based on genetic and methylation data of 1595 subjects from the Framingham Heart Study were established. The prediction models were applied to a fixed-effect meta-analysis of screening data sets with 27,120 NSCLC cases and 27,355 controls to identify the methylation markers, which were then replicated in independent data sets with 7844 lung cancer cases and 421,224 controls. Also performed was a multi-omics functional annotation for the identified CpGs by integrating genomics, epigenomics, and transcriptomics and investigation of the potential regulation pathways. Results Of the 29,894 CpG sites passing the quality control, 39 CpGs associated with NSCLC risk (Bonferroni-corrected p ≤ 1.67 × 10−6) were originally identified. Of these, 16 CpGs remained significant in the validation stage (Bonferroni-corrected p ≤ 1.28 × 10−3), including four novel CpGs. Multi-omics functional annotation showed nine of 16 CpGs were potentially functional biomarkers for NSCLC risk. Thirty-five genes...

Zhao, Xiaoyu; Yang, Meiqi; Fan, Jingyi; Wang, Mei; Wang, Yifang; Qin, Na; Zhu, Meng; Jiang, Jue; Gorlova, Olga Y.; Gorlov, Ivan P.; Albanes, Demetrius; Lam, Stephen; Tardón, Adonina; Chen, Chu; Goodman, Gary E.; Bojesen, Stig E.; Landi, Maria Teresa; Johansson, Mattias; Risch, Angela; Wichmann, H.-Erich; Bickeböller, Heike; Christiani, David C.; Rennert, Gad; Arnold, Susanne; Brennan, Paul; Field, John K.; Shete, Sanjay; Le Marchand, Loïc; Liu, Geoffrey; Hung, Rayjean J.; Andrew, Angeline S.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh; Grankvist, Kjell; Johansson, Mikael; Caporaso, Neil E.; Woll, Penella J.; Lazarus, Philip; Schabath, Matthew B.; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Patel, Alpa V.; Davies, Michael P. A.; Ma, Hongxia; Jin, Guangfu; Hu, Zhibin; Amos, Christopher I.; Shen, Hongbing; Dai, Juncheng
Cancer 130(6): 913–926
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