Academic Article


  • 2019

Exposure to particulate matter (PM), such as mineral particles and biological particles/components may be linked to aggravation of respiratory diseases, including asthma. Here we report that exposure to Aspergillus fumigatus hyphae fragments (AFH) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced both mRNA synthesis and release of pro-inflammatory interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) in both human THP-1 monocytes (THP-1 Mo) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-differentiated THP-1 monocytes (THP-1 macrophages; THP-1 Ma); while Min-U-Sil alone enhanced the release of IL-1β only in THP-1 Ma. Co-exposure to LPS or AFH with Min-U-Sil caused a synergistic release of IL-1β when compared to single exposures. In contrast, Min-U-Sil did not markedly change LPS- and AFH-induced release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). The combined exposures did not increase the LPS- and AFH-induced expression of IL-1β mRNA. Notably, the AFH- and LPS-induced IL-1β responses with and without co-exposure to Min-U-Sil in THP-1 Mo were found to be caspase-dependent as shown by inhibition with zYVAD-fmk. Furthermore, co-exposure with AFH and Min-U-Sil resulted in similar synergistic releases of IL-1β in primary human airway macrophages (AM; sputum), peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and in the human bronchial epithelial cell line (BEAS-2B). In conclusion, AFH induce both the synthesis and release of IL-1β. However, Min-U-Sil further enhanced...

Øya, Elisabeth; Zegeye, Fikirte Debebe; Bølling, Anette Kocbach; Øvstebø, Reidun; Afanou, Komlavi Anani; Øvrevik, Johan; Refsnes, Magne Arnold; Holme, Jørn Andreas
Toxicology in Vitro 55: 1–10
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