Academic Article


  • 2023

Objectives This study aimed to assess the exposure to a selection of aerosols and gases in the work environment for workers performing tunnel construction using tunnel boring machines (TBMs), to identify determinants of exposure based on the information available and to calculate robust estimates of exposure using a statistical model. The focus was particulate matter (PM) and respirable crystalline silica (RCS). In addition, concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), elemental carbon (EC), and oil mist were assessed. Methods Personal sampling was conducted from February 2017 to February 2019. PM in the thoracic and the respirable aerosol fractions was collected, and RCS was determined in the respirable aerosol fraction. Context information was collected on questionnaires. Because the workers could participate in the sampling more than once and multiple measurements were performed on the same date a mixed model was used in the analysis. Concentrations of PM and RCS are presented as estimated and measured geometric means (GMest and GMmea) and estimated arithmetic mean (AMest) in addition to the median. Measured concentrations of NO2, EC, and oil mist are presented as geometric means. Results A total of 290 and 289 personal samples of PM in the thoracic and respirable aerosol fractions were available...

Leite, Mimmi; Nordby, Karl-Christian; Skare, Øivind; Ulvestad, Bente; Ellingsen, Dag; Dahl, Kari; Johansen, Thea Haugsten; Skaugset, Nils Petter
Annals of Work Exposures and Health 67(5): 584–595
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