Academic Article


  • 2020

Objective To investigate the relation between effort‐reward imbalance (ERI) at work and subsequent weight changes. Methods We included participants from a population‐based cohort of workers in Denmark (mean age = 47 years, 54% women) with two (n = 9005) or three repeated measurements (n = 5710). We investigated the association between (a) ERI (ie, the mismatch between high efforts spent and low rewards received at work) at baseline and weight changes after a 2‐year follow‐up (defined as ≥5% increase or decrease in body mass index (BMI) vs stable), and (b) onset and remission of ERI and subsequent changes in BMI. Using multinomial logistic regression we calculated risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusted for sex, age, education, cohabitation, migration background, and follow‐up time. Results After 2 years, 15% had an increase and 13% a decrease in BMI. Exposure to ERI at baseline yielded RRs of 1.09 (95% CI: 0.95‐1.25) and 1.04 (95% CI: 0.90‐1.20) for the increase and decrease in BMI, respectively. There were no differences between sex and baseline BMI in stratified analyses. The onset of ERI yielded RRs of 1.04 (95% CI: 0.82‐1.31) and 1.15 (95% CI: 0.84‐1.57) for subsequent increase and decrease in BMI. The RRs for the remission of ERI...

Nordentoft, Mads; Rod, Naja Hulvej; Bonde, Jens Peter; Bjorner, Jakob Bue; Cleal, Bryan; Larsen, Ann Dyreborg; Madsen, Ida E.H.; Hanson, Linda L. Magnusson; Nexo, Mette A.; Pedersen, Line Rosendahl Meldgaard; Sterud, Tom; Xu, Tianwei; Rugulies, Reiner
American Journal of Industrial Medicine Wiley-Liss Inc., American Journal of Industrial Medicine 63(7): 634–643
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