Academic Article


  • 2020

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide an integrated picture of the relationship between different facets of adverse social behaviour (ASB) at work and mental health problem. <br/>METHOD(S): Data were provided from a longitudinal nationwide study of the general population in Norway. Eligible respondents were in paid work during a reference week in 2013, or temporarily absent from such work, and was interviewed at 3-year follow-up (n=3654, response at baseline/follow-up=53.1%/71.8%). We investigated the prospective associations of self-reported exposure to ASBs, including threats/acts of violence, bullying, sexual harassment and workplace conflicts, with mental distress (the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist) at follow-up, by means of multiple logistic regression. <br/>RESULT(S): In total, 6.6% (242 individuals) were classified with mental distress at follow-up. Work-related predictors were sexual harassment (OR=1.64 07, 95% CI 1.03-2.61), bullying (OR=2.07, 95% CI 1.19-3.60) and workplace conflicts (OR=1.51, 95% CI 1.07-2.13). An elevated, but non-statistically significant association was observed for threats/acts of violence. No significant interactions were found between ASB and mental distress score at baseline. Overall there were few indications of substantial confounding related to age, sex, education level or occupation. After adjusting for these factors, the overall population attributable risk of mental distress attributable to any exposure to ASB was 11.3%...

Sterud, Tom; Hanvold, Therese Nordberg
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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