Academic Article


  • 2024

Study objectives To investigate the effect of a work schedule with abated quick returns (i.e., >11 hours between two shifts) on insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and work-related fatigue compared to a shift schedule maintaining the usual number of quick returns. Methods A two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial including 66 units was conducted at a university hospital in Norway. Units with healthcare workers on rotating shift schedules were randomly assigned to a shift schedule with abated quick returns (intervention) or to continue with a schedule including quick returns as usual (control) for six months. Questionnaires assessed symptoms of insomnia (Bergen Insomnia Scale), daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), and work-related fatigue (Revised Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory) at baseline and towards the end of the intervention. Data was analyzed using multilevel linear mixed-effects models, and Cohen’s d was used to calculate the effect size between groups. Results Overall, 1314 healthcare workers (85.2% female) completed the baseline questionnaire (response rate 49.1%), and 552 completed the follow-up questionnaire. The intervention reduced quick returns from an average of 13.2 (SD=8.7) to 6.7 (SD=6.0), while the control group's average remained relatively unchanged from 13.2 (SD=8.7) to 12.0 (SD=9.3). Results showed a small improvement in symptoms of insomnia (BIS;...

Djupedal, Ingebjørg Louise Rockwell; Harris, Anette; Svensen, Erling; Pallesen, Ståle; Waage, Siri; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Sunde, Erlend; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Holmelid, Øystein; Vedaa, Øystein