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Educational attainment and mortality in schizophrenia

Academic Article


  • 2022

Background Individuals suffering from schizophrenia have a reduced life expectancy with cardiovascular disease (CVD) as a major contributor. Low educational attainment is associated with schizophrenia, as well as with all-cause and CVD mortality. However, it is unknown to what extent low educational attainment can explain the increased mortality in individuals with schizophrenia. Aim Here, we quantify associations between educational attainment and all-cause and CVD mortality in individuals with schizophrenia, and compare them with the corresponding associations in the general population. Method All Norwegian citizens born between January 1, 1925, and December 31, 1959, were followed up from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 2014. The total sample included 1,852,113 individuals, of which 6548 were registered with schizophrenia. We estimated hazard ratios (HR) for all-cause and CVD mortality with Cox models, in addition to life years lost. Educational attainment for index persons and their parents were included in the models. Results In the general population individuals with low educational attainment had higher risk of all-cause (HR: 1.48 [95% CI: 1.47–1.49]) and CVD (HR: 1.59 [95% CI: 1.57–1.61]) mortality. In individuals with schizophrenia these estimates were substantially lower (all-cause: HR: 1.13 [95% CI: 1.05–1.21] and CVD: HR: 1.12 [95% CI: 0.98–1.27]). Low...

Tesli, Martin Steen; Degerud, Eirik Magnus Meek; Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer; Gustavson, Kristin; Torvik, Fartein Ask; Ystrøm, Eivind; Ask, Helga; Tesli, Natalia; Høye, Anne; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Nesvåg, Reidar; Næss, Øyvind Erik
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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