Academic Article


  • 2007

The present study compares and elucidates possible mechanisms why B[a]P induces different cell signals and triggers apparently different apoptotic pathways in two rather similar cell lines (hepatic epithelial cells of rodents). The rate and maximal capacity of metabolic activation, as measured by the formation of B[a]P-tetrols and B[a]P-DNA adducts, was much higher in mouse hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells than in rat liver epithelial F258 cells due to a higher induced level of cyp1a1. B[a]P increased intracellular pH in both cell lines, but this change modulated the apoptotic process only in F258 cells. In Hepa1c1c7 cells reactive oxygen species (ROS) production appeared to be a consequence of toxicity, unlike F258 cells in which it was an initial event. The increased mitochondrial membrane potential found in F258 cells was not observed in Hepa1c1c7 cells. Surprisingly, F258 cells cultured at low cell density were somewhat more sensitive to low (50nM) B[a]P concentrations than Hepa1c1c7 cells. This could be explained partly by metabolic differences at low B[a]P concentrations. In contrast to the Hepa1c1c7 model, no activation of cell survival signals including p-Akt, p-ERK1/2 and no clear inactivation of pro-apoptotic Bad was observed in the F258 model following exposure to B[a]P. Another important difference between the...

Holme, Jørn Andreas; Gorria, Morgane; Arlt, Volker; Øvrebø, Steinar; Solhaug, Anita; Tekpli, Xavier; Landvik, Nina Elisabeth; Huc, Laurence; Fardel, Olivier; Lagadic-Gossmann, Dominique
Chemico-Biological Interactions 167(1): 41–55
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