Academic Article

Publisert

  • 2018

Background: Previous studies have investigated physical and psychosocial job exposures separately in relation to foetal growth. We therefore investigated if occupational lifting and psychosocial job strain interact to affect foetal growth and gestational length. We hypothesised that heavy lifting and high job strain would increase the risk of impacted foetal growth (small or large for gestational age) and preterm birth. Methods: The cohort included 47,582 pregnancies from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996–2002), where the woman was pregnant at 22 gestational weeks (GW), expected one child and worked ≥30 hours/week. Information on occupational lifting and psychosocial job strain was derived from an interview (16±3.0 GW). Data to calculate small and large for gestational age (SGA/LGA) and gestational length was retrieved from the Medical Birth Register. Interaction between lifting and job strain (Karasek’s model) was analysed by multinomial logistic regression. Results: Overall, the adjusted regression analysis showed statistically significant interaction between lifting and job strain for SGA and LGA. For each additional 250 kg lifted/day, high strain women (high Demand/low Control) had increased odds of giving birth to a LGA-child (OR = 1.15; 95% CI 1.06–1.26), whereas women in the active group (high Demand/high Control) had increased odds of giving birth...

Sejbaek, Camilla Sandal; Bay, Hans; Larsen, Ann Dyreborg; Kristensen, Petter; Schlünssen, Vivi; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Bonde, Jens Peter; Juhl, Mette; Hougaard, Karin Sørig
PLOS ONE PLOS, PLOS ONE 13(9): 1–15
Read publication