Academic Article


  • 2022

Objectives To reduce sickness absence (SA) and increase work participation, the tripartite Agreement for a More Inclusive Working Life (IA) was established in Norway in 2001. IA companies have had access to several measures to prevent and reduce SA. Our aim in this paper was to estimate the average effect of having access to IA at the time of entering a first SA on later return-to-work (RTW) and on time spent in other work-related states. A secondary objective was to study how effects varied between women and men, and individuals with SA due to either musculoskeletal or psychological diagnoses. Design Population-based observational multistate longitudinal cohort study. Setting Individual characteristics and detailed longitudinal records of SA, work and education between 1997-2011 were obtained from population-wide registries. Participants Each individual born in Norway 1967–1976 who entered full-time SA during 2004–2011, with limited earlier SA, was included (n=187 930). Primary and secondary outcome measures Individual multistate histories containing dated periods of work, graded SA, full-time SA, non-employment and education. Methods Data were analysed in a multistate model with 500 days of follow-up. The effect of IA was assessed by estimating differences in state probabilities over time, adjusted for confounders, using inverse probability weighting. Results...

Hoff, Rune; Maltzahn, Niklas; Hasting, Rachel Louise; Merkus, Suzanne; Undem, Karina; Kristensen, Petter; Mehlum, Ingrid Sivesind; Gran, Jon Michael
Occupational and Environmental Medicine BMJ Publishing Group, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 12(11)
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