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A study of pneumoproteins in crystalline silica exposed rock drillers

Academic Article

Publisert

  • 2022

Objective: The objective was to assess serum concentrations of club cell protein 16 (CC-16) and the surfactant proteins A (SPs-A) and D (SP-D) in male rock drillers (N = 123) exposed to crystalline silica and in 48 occupationally non-exposed. Methods: The arithmetic mean (AM) duration of exposure was 10.7 years. The geometric mean (GM) crystalline silica exposure was 36 µg/m3 at the time of the study. The GM cumulative exposure was 239 µg/m3. Results: The concentrations of SP-D (GM 12.7 vs. 8.8 µg/L, p < 0.001) and SP-A (AM 1847 vs. 1378 ng/L, p = 0.051) were higher among rock drillers than among occupationally non-exposed. A positive significant association was observed between cumulative crystalline silica exposure and the SP-D concentrations (β = 0.07; p < 0.05). Rock drillers with small airway obstruction with maximal mid-expiratory flow % (MMEF%) <70% (N = 29) had higher SP-D concentrations than rock drillers with MMEF% ≥ 70% (N = 91) (GM 17.3 vs. 11.4 µg/L, p = 0.001). Rock drillers with MMEF% ≥70% (N = 91) had higher concentrations of SP-A (1957 vs. 1287 ng/L, p = 0.01) and SP-D (11.4 vs. 9.0 µg/L, p = 0.007) than non-exposed with MMEF% ≥70% (N = 39). Rock drillers with airway obstruction (FEV1/FVC < 0.70, N = 11) had significantly lower CC-16 concentrations than rock drillers with FEV1/FVC ≥0.70 (N = 109) after adjusting for relevant potential confounders (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The results...

Ellingsen, Dag; Ulvestad, Bente; Lund, May Britt; Skaugset, Nils Petter; Sikkeland, Liv Ingunn Bjoner
Inhalation Toxicology 34(3-4): 99–105
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