To study how training affects the Na(+)-K+ pump concentration, 11 male and 9 female elite junior cross-country skiers trained 12-15 h/wk at 60-70% (moderate-intensity group) or 80-90% (high-intensity group) of their maximal O2 uptake for 5 mo. Muscle biopsies taken from the vastus lateralis muscle before and after the training period were analyzed for Na(+)-K+ pump concentration by the [3H]ouabain-binding technique. Before training, the concentration was 343 +/- 11 nmol/kg wet muscle mass (mean +/- SE) for the men and 281 +/- 14 nmol/kg for the women (18% less than for the men, P = 0.003). The Na(+)-K+ pump concentration rose by 49 +/- 11 nmol/kg (16%, P < 0.001) for all subjects pooled during the training period, and there was no difference between the two training groups (P = 0.3) or the sexes (P = 0.5) in this increase. The Na(+)-K+ pump concentration correlated with the maximal O2 uptake (r = 0.6, P = 0.003), with the performance during a 20-min treadmill run (r = 0.6, P = 0.003), and to the rank of the subjects' performance as cross-country skiers (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = 0.76, P < 0.001). These data could mean that for elite cross-country skiers the...

Evertsen, Frank; Medbø, Jon Ingulf; Jebens, Einar; Nicolaysen, Kåre
American Journal of Physiology HighWire Press, American Journal of Physiology 272(5): 1417–1424
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